ERIC Number: ED226468
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Recent Trends in the Representation of Women and Minorities in School Administration and Problems in Documentation.
Jones, Effie H.; Montenegro, Xenia P.
Project AWARE (Assisting Women to Advance through Resources and Encouragement), under the auspices of the American Association of School Administrators and the Ford Foundation, conducted a survey in 1981 of the chief state school officers in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data were collected on the sex, race, and ethnic background of school superintendents, assistant superintendents, principals, and all other personnel classified as administrators. Data were also gathered from earlier national surveys. The results are presented in 10 tables. For 1981, information is provided by sex and race/ethnic group for all administrators and for superintendents, assistant superintendents, and principals. Trend data on women administrators are given from 1970 to 1981 for superintendents and assistant superintendents; from 1968 for principals; and from 1910 for all administrators. Trend data by both sex and race/ethnic group are provided from 1974 to 1981 for principals and for all administrators. Among the survey problems identified by the authors are sampling, definitions of positions and of full-time equivalency, and both confusion and lack of data on racial and ethnic categories. Among their conclusions are that women and minorities are still underrepresented in school administration and that the lowest levels were reached in the 1970's. (RW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, VA.