ERIC Number: ED226450
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Working Together: Cooperation or Collaboration?
Hord, Shirley M.
The words cooperation and collaboration are often used interchangeably in describing the efforts of two institutions working together. The basic issue of whether or not collaboration is different from cooperation was confronted in a project in which a national education research center attempted to work with a large school district in a "collaborative mode." Based on an analysis of the situation and the literature, preliminary models are presented for explicating the processes of cooperation and collaboration. The models illustrate the need for clarifying participants' expectations of rewards, goals, commitments, and procedures. (MLF)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Coordination, Definitions, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnography, Expectation, Group Dynamics, Institutional Cooperation, Interaction, Models, Organizational Theories, Research and Development Centers, School Districts
Communications Services, Research and Development Center for Teacher Education, Education Annex 3.203, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-1288 ($1.75).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Research and Development Center for Teacher Education.