ERIC Number: ED226372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Questioning: A Path to Critical Thinking.
Christenbury, Leila; Kelly, Patricia P.
Intended to help upper elementary and secondary school teachers increase their students' critical thinking, this booklet discusses the theory and techniques behind the use of questioning to evoke prior knowledge and further inquiry. The first portion of the booklet discusses the theory and research that underlie the use of questioning, examining questioning hierarchies and how they are used. The second portion of the booklet puts this research into practice, by introducing the questioning circle--a Venn diagram of intersecting questions dealing with the subject matter, personal reality (prior learning), and external reality. The discussion adapts this structure to literature, language, and composition instruction. Managing classroom interaction, such as what to do when students cannot, do not, or will not answer, and dealing with short or wrong answers are then explored, and suggestions for encouraging student answers are supplied. The booklet concludes with a discussion on helping students generate their own questions to stimulate further critical thinking. (HTH)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, English Instruction, Language Arts, Learning Activities, Learning Theories, Prior Learning, Questioning Techniques, Schemata (Cognition)
National Council of Teachers of English, 1111 Kenyon Rd., Urbana, IL 61801 (Stock No. 38047, $3.50 non-member, $3.00 member).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Council of Teachers of English, Urbana, IL.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.
Note: TRIP: Theory & Research into Practice.