ERIC Number: ED226282
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Interviewing Style and Interviewer Appearance on a Child Behavioral Interview.
Mader, Lothar; Quevillon, Randal
Clinical child interviews have received little attention in the psychological literature and in the absence of empirical findings, curent interview practices are primarily based on clinical lore. In order to investigate the effects of interviewing style and interviewer mode of dress, on the quantity and quality of information obtained from 8 to 11 year-olds in a standardized clinical analogue interview, two male interviewers saw a total of 64 boys and girls, selected from a normal school population. The design included three independent variables: "warm" or "reserved" interviewing style, formally or casually dressed interviewer, and male or female children. After the interview, children completed a reinforcement schedule and an attitude survey. Analyses of these results and the ratings of the dependent variables showed no significant differences for any of these variables on the dependent measures of self-disclosure, amount of speech, problem admissions, listing of reinforcers, and rated liking of the interview. Significant correlations were found between children's grade level and several of the dependent measures. The findings suggest that the establishment of a warm, supporting relationship may not be necessary in a short clinical child interview for obtaining a certain level of quality and quantity of information. (Author/PAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (Albuquerque, NM, April 28-May 1, 1982).