ERIC Number: ED226061
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Standardized Tests and Public Policy: The Politics of Selection in America.
Kelley, E. W.
The way test scores are used by both the public and private sectors, and the way in which this use is promoted and regulated indicates how some public policies are formed and who characteristically bears the cost of policies as well as who benefits. What has been happening in the relationship between test use and policy formation is not unique, particularly when professional groups or guilds are involved. The displacement of costs, the disaggregated use of tests, the delegation of public authority, particularly at the state level, and the legislative deference given to professional judgments are inconsistent with the essentially political character of deciding who is to get what through the public sector. The use of standardized tests to implicitly define criteria of selection for educational opportunity or jobs essentially delegates a political or ethical decision to a group of individuals who, while not meaning to make that decision, project their own perception of professional norms. (CM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (Denver, CO, September 2-5, 1982).