ERIC Number: ED225767
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Maintaining the Elderly in Their Own Homes: The Role of Helping Networks. Extension Studies 90.
Data collected in 1981 from rural Pennsylvania were used to examine use of informal family and friendship networks and formal services as these relate to independent living among the elderly. Policymakers have tended to shift the burden of care from formal social services to informal helpers based mainly on studies of urban elderly. To show that the strategy now being pursued by policymakers may not be effective when considering rural elderly, a conceptual model was developed which incorporated exchange theory as the foundation for the existence of helping networks of the elderly. Findings did support previous research concerning the role of informal helpers. The rural sample had a high level of support from primary associates such as family (64.6%) and friends and neighbors (13.1%). A few of the respondents did receive help from the formal social services sector (11.4%). A prior hypothesis that friends and neighbors have replaced the family as caregivers for the elderly was not supported. Approximately 1/5 of those who got informal help, but not formal agency help, stated that they did not seek formal help because they perceived a deficiency in social services or they lacked information necessary to link with the appropriate agency. (BRR)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Cooperative Extension Service.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania