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ERIC Number: ED225729
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Federal Funds in 1980: Geographic Distribution and Recent Trends.
Reid, J. Norman; Whitehead, Eleanor
Data from fiscal 1980 provide an analysis of distribution of Federal dollars among county areas and an assessment of major recent trends. Federal per capita funding remains unevenly divided among regions; regional differences, however, are slowly narrowing. In 1980 over half of all Federal funds were concentrated in the Department of Health and Human Services and the Defense Department. The Nation's nonmetro areas include a disproportionately high number of low income counties, most of which are found in the South. Except for the high income counties, which have the highest funding, nonmetro counties receive nearly identical average per capita dollar amounts regardless of their income level. The functional makeup of funding varies among income levels, however. The poorest counties rely more on agriculture, public assistance, and community development programs. Wealthier counties rely more on defense, retirement, and energy funds. While the gap in metro-nonmetro funding levels narrowed slightly in recent years, this trend seems to have been reversed since 1978. While the most rural counties are still funded above the national average, central counties of large metro areas remain the best funded areas. (Author/BRR)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.