ERIC Number: ED225661
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
An Analysis of the Structure of Preschool Social Competence.
Breeding, John; And Others
Through the use of a model combining constructs proposed by Zigler and Trickett (1978) and Schaefer (1978), the structure of social competence in preschool children was investigated. Measures chosen for inclusion in the assessment battery and specific variables related to each measure were the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Revised (intelligence), the Cooperative Preschool Inventory (achievement), the Test Behavior Inventory (task orientation, love/hostility, introversion/extroversion), the Perceived Competence Scale for Young Children (motivation), and the Self Concept and Motivation Inventory (emotion). A total of 128 children of low socioeconomic status were assessed. Subjects, between 4.0 and 5.5 years of age, were of both sexes and from three ethnic groups (Anglo, Black, and Mexican-American). Each child received a battery of four tests over two testing sessions. In each session a cognitive and an affective (intrapersonal) test were administered. Examiners rated the behavior each child displayed in the test situation. Results, considered preliminary, include findings concerning relationships between indices of competence both within and across areas of competence, and outcomes of the factor analysis for the total sample and the variables of age, sex, ethnicity, and sex by ethnicity. Due in part to the finding of striking differences in what might be called accuracy of self-perception, it is concluded that, while examination of the structure of social competence is a promising endeavor, considerations of subcultural differences are paramount. (RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association (Dallas, TX, April 15-17, 1982).