ERIC Number: ED225469
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Common Factors in Sex and Race Discrimination.
Bell, Margaret E.; And Others
Factors that might be common to sex and race discrimination were studied with a sample of 86 black and white graduate students enrolled in two Southern colleges. Attitudes toward changing economic roles for women and blacks were also assessed. Thirty-seven percent of the sample was under 30 years old, and 93 percent was from the Southeastern United States. A 34-item Likert-type scale covered: "changes in the status quo" (e.g., "women should not think themselves equal to men" and "black people are responsible for most of the crime in the country);" professions in which men or women are underrepresented and should seek more equalization; incentives for minorities; and female assertiveness. While none of the four subgroups (black male/female, white male/female) strongly disagreed with the educational system's encouragement of girls to be assertive, males, and particularly black males, reacted strongly to the factor "changes in the status quo," which had a large number of items dealing with the independence and/or supervisory ability of women. Black males exhibited the most discrimination on the sex items and more concern about incentives for minorities; white females expressed the greatest discrimination on the race items. It is concluded that race and sex discrimination are not necessarily separate entities, and that prejudicial attitudes toward blacks and women are indicative of perceived threat. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: This paper was identified by a joint project of the Institute on Desegregation at North Carolina Central University and the ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education at The George Washington University.