ERIC Number: ED225229
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar-20
Reference Count: 0
Racial Transition and Neighborhood Schools: Kensington as a Case in Point.
Prunty, John J.; And Others
One of several papers in a symposium on Kensington School (in Missouri), this document describes the effects on this elementary school of demographic change and racial transition in Milford School District. The authors first present a historical overview of the development of the school district and the role of blacks in the town from the eighteenth century through the early 1960s. They outline the founding of Kensington in the mid-1960s as an innovative school and its switch within 2 years to a more structured arrangement that still retained many innovative aspects. Problems that arose in the 1970s are reviewed, involving enrollment decline, immigration of black families, financial problems, school closings, and conflicts over the nature of "neighborhood schools." The effects of these problems on Kensington are traced, including moves toward stronger discipline, self-contained classrooms, a traditional curriculum, emphasis on order, and use of corporal punishment. The authors follow Milford's continuing enrollment declines, financial problems, and racial shifts and strains into 1980; discuss the effect of road patterns and social power on the neighborhood school concept; and speculate on future change in Milford. Four maps illustrate demographic and school changes from 1949 to 1980. (RW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982). Proper names used in this study are pseudonyms. For related documents, see ED 225 228-231.