ERIC Number: ED225005
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep-9
Reference Count: 0
The Changing Nature of Women's Work, 1940-1980: A Theoretical Contribution.
Sokoloff, Natalie J.
In the post-World War II period, women have been employed in jobs that have been degraded, deskilled, and cheapened. Their employment has increasingly been in the service sector. Data supports the argument that women are treated as secondary workers in the labor market and are not paid as equals to men. Along with the degradation of women's jobs during the period of developing monopoly capitalism, patriarchal relations in the labor force have been maintained or strengthened. The service producing industry has grown as a hedge against recession, and women have increased their participation in the service sector because it is heavily "less than full-time and year-round" (part-time) work. They are structurally incorporated so they remain a reserve of labor for capital at the same time they are employed in wage labor and continue to have primary responsibility for the home and family. The predictions of job increases for the 1980's are for the greatest increases to be in low-level services, sales, and clerical work, categories that are heavily female, lowest wage, and part-time. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adults, Career Education, Clerical Occupations, Demand Occupations, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Futures (of Society), Labor Market, Labor Needs, Part Time Employment, Salary Wage Differentials, Sales Occupations, Service Occupations
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting (77th, San Francisco, CA, September 9, 1982).