ERIC Number: ED224854
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Black America in the 1980s.
Population Bulletin, v37 n4 Dec 1982
In this bulletin, recent demographic and socioeconomic trends among American blacks are reviewed and compared with trends among whites. The report includes information on black population growth and composition; rural-urban distribution; fertility and family planning practice; mortality; migration; family structure and marital status; education; employment and occupation; income and poverty levels; and the future of American blacks. Among the findings are that: (1) while some suburbanization is occurring among blacks, the majority remain segregated in central cities; (2) overall fertility, as well as teenage and out-of-wedlock fertility, remain higher for blacks than for whites; (3) the black infant mortality rate is double that of whites; (4) divorce and separation have risen faster for blacks than for whites; (5) the poverty rate is over three times higher and unemployment is twice as high for blacks compared to whites; and (6) occupational status of blacks has improved and their educational attainment is now close to that of whites. It is suggested that current cutbacks in socioeconomic assistance must be reversed if gains in black educational and occupational attainment are to be retained and black-white income differentials are to be minimized. In addition, it is held that the problem of job competition between blacks and growing numbers of immigrants must be addressed. (Author/MJL)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Black Achievement, Black Population Trends, Blacks, Comparative Analysis, Demography, Educational Attainment, Employment Level, Family Planning, Family Structure, Migration Patterns, Public Policy, Social Mobility, Socioeconomic Status, Whites
Population Reference Bureau, Inc., 1337 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036 ($3.00, 2-10 copies $2.30, 11-50 copies $1.90, 51 or more $1.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.