ERIC Number: ED224769
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Perceptual Preferences as an Aspect of Adolescent Learning Styles.
Eiszler, Charles F.
The "Perceptual Preferences" section of the Learning Styles Questionnaire (Dunn and Dunn, 1975) was administered to 170 ninth grade students with self-reported measures of self-esteem, general affect, and achievement (i.e., grade-point average). Data were analyzed to determine if modality preferences are a significant component of student learning styles, whether or not male and female students differ with respect to learning style preferences, and whether or not learning style preferences are related to self-concept and general affect. Ten learning style preferences identified were: (1) reading; (2) manipulative activity; (3) teacher explanation; (4) auditory stimulation; (5) visual demonstration; (6) visual stimulation (electronic); (7) visual stimulation (still pictures); (8) games; (9) social interaction; and (10) personal experience. The conclusion was reached that modality preferences in adolescent learners are complex and interwoven with other preference aspects. Males differed from females in showing a greater preference for manipulative learning activities and a lesser preference for teacher explanation and direction and for learning by reading. Correlations of learning style preferences with self-esteem and general affect were not significant for the sample as a whole. Teachers should use caution in using modality preferences of students as a basis for planning instruction or selecting curricular experiences. (Author/JD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Cognitive Style, Grade Point Average, Grade 9, Learning Modules, Secondary Education, Self Concept, Self Esteem, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes
Charles F. Eiszler, Room 219C, Dept. of Teacher Education and Professional Development, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859 (Free).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A