ERIC Number: ED224762
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
The Voting Rights Act and Black Electoral Participation.
Thompson, Kenneth H.
An analysis of Census Bureau data on registration and voting by black citizens over the past two decades shows the positive influence of the 1965 Voting Rights Act on electoral participation. After the passage of the act, there was more than a 50% increase in the number of black registered voters. Of black and white citizens participating in the last five presidential elections, southern blacks are the only group to report a net gain in level of participation between 1964 and 1980. There has also been a tenfold increase in the number of blacks elected as officeholders. However, this does not mean that blacks have achieved equal access to elective office. For example, it is difficult for black voters to elect officials from their communities. Data from the Justice Department's Voting Rights Division shows that a pattern of white resistance to blacks exercising their voting rights still remains strong in the South. Impediments, such as vote dilution issues, will remain salient in coming years. In the future, the consequences of the adoption by Congress of either a "result" or an "intent" test in cases brought under section 2 of the act will have an impact on the equal access of minorities to political participation. (RM)
Descriptors: Blacks, Citizen Participation, Civil Rights Legislation, Comparative Analysis, Court Litigation, Elections, Futures (of Society), Geographic Regions, Racial Discrimination, Social Science Research, Trend Analysis, Voter Registration, Voting, Voting Rights
Joint Center for Political Studies, 1301 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20004 ($4.95).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Bros. Fund, New York, NY.; Field Foundation, New York, NY.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Political Studies, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Voting Rights Act 1965