ERIC Number: ED224657
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jul
A National Study of Spanish/English Bilingualism in Young Hispanic Children of the United States. Bilingual Education Paper Series, Vol. 4, No. 12.
Garcia, Eugene E.; And Others
Six hundred, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-old bilingual, rural, and urban children from southwestern, midwestern, eastern, and southern United States participated in a national study of Spanish/English bilingual development. Half of these children completed the English version of CIRCO (1980) sub-test 10-C, a productive language measure that requires children to relate a description of a two dimensional picture. Half of the children completed the Spanish version of this same instrument. Analyses were performed on these English and Spanish samples regarding Mean Length of Utterance and intrasentential language switching. Comparisons were possible across: age, rural/urban status, and region (and to some extent, Hispanic ethnicity). On measures of linguistic proficiency, consistent differences were observed in developmental trends for Spanish and English. For Spanish, linguistic proficiency measures increased from ages 4 to 5, then decreased at age 6. For English, these same measures showed a continuous increase across age groups. On language switching measures, regional differences were observed regardless of age. Almost no rural/urban differences were observed. These findings are discussed from both a language acquisition perspective and a bilingual education perspective. (Author/AH)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Early Childhood Education, English, Geographic Regions, Hispanic Americans, Language Acquisition, Language Proficiency, National Surveys, Regional Characteristics, Rural Urban Differences, Spanish
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California State Univ., Los Angeles. National Dissemination and Assessment Center.