ERIC Number: ED224627
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Pupil Repetition in the Primary Schools of Ciskei.
Nyikana, H. K.
The study examined the phenomenon of repeaters as a part of wastage via a review of the literature on the subject and a 5-year study (1977-81) of primary schools in Ciskei. The literature revealed that the impact of repeaters on educational system manifests itself in different ways, i.e., large classes, high drop-out rate, the demoralizing effect of repeaters on other pupils, and the high cost of repeaters. It revealed that most developing nations have a high incidence of repetition of grades, particularly in the first and last grades of primary school. The Ciskei study of percentage of repeaters by year and standard was accomplished through questionnaires and interviews with teachers, principals, and government officials. It revealed that repetition of grades in Ciskei primary schools neither increased nor decreased; incidence of repetition of standards was highest in the higher primary section of schools; more boys than girls tended to repeat; and no direct connection was found between size of school and percentage of repeaters. Factors contributing to repeaters included: irregular attendance, high pupil-teacher ratio, uninterested parents, poverty, lack of facilities, motivation, teaching methods, and inadequate qualifications of teachers. Nine recommendations are provided for possible solution to the problem. (AH)
Descriptors: Attendance, Class Size, Comparative Analysis, Cost Effectiveness, Cross Cultural Studies, Developing Nations, Educational Assessment, Educational Economics, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Failure, Females, Foreign Countries, Grade Repetition, Males, Parent Attitudes, Poverty, Rural Areas, State Surveys, Student Teacher Ratio, Tables (Data), Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Qualifications
Prof. D. Vermaak, Research Unit for Education System Planning, University of the Orange Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300 R S A (R8.00 each).
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A