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ERIC Number: ED224592
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Preschool Temperament Inventory: Construction and Standardization of a Teacher-Rated Instrument for Assessing Temperament of Three- to Six-Year-Old Children.
Billman, Jean
Because of reliability and validity problems in teacher- and parent-rated early childhood questionnaires, the Preschool Temperament Inventory (PTI) was developed to help teachers assess and appreciate individual differences of children prior to first grade. The PTI uses teacher ratings on eight temperament categories, including activity level, approach/withdrawal, adaptability, intensity, mood, persistence, distractibility, and threshold. To establish reliability, 54 preschool children were rated on 72 items of a pilot instrument. A chi-square test was performed on each item to differentiate the 15 high scorers and the 15 low scorers in each temperament category. Items not showing a difference at the .05 level of significance were eliminated from the revised version, resulting in a questionnaire with 54 items. Questionnaires were rescored with consideration given only to reliable items, and the PTI was administered to an additional sample of 73 preschool children. To validate the instrument, a subsample of 31 children was rated on the Behavioral Style Questionnaire, a parent-rated temperament instrument. All the children's scores were plotted individually on a profile sheet in order to determine diagnostic cluster assignment. Characteristic dimensions of children who were found to be easy, difficult, and slow to "warm up" are described, and additional results are discussed. It is concluded that the PTI reliably measures temperament traits of children 3 to 6 years of age. The instrument and related materials are appended. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A