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ERIC Number: ED224444
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Dec-2
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
University Presses: Problems and Prospects.
Meeker, Robert B.
Historical information on university presses and their problems are considered. University presses in the United States have their roots in 15th century England when the Oxford University Press was established in 1478. The first U.S. press to use the term "university press" was Cornell University; the press operated from 1869 until it was closed in 1884 due to lack of funds. Johns Hopkins University Press, established in 1878, is the oldest university press in continuous operation. Today 77 members of the Association of American University Presses face financial problems related to their desire to expand scholarly communication while faced with a small readership. University press books rarely make money; university presses stay in business essentially because of subsidies. Additional problems include a falling market due to the downturn in higher education that began in the early 1970s, an apparent movement away from purchasing scholarly monographs by university libraries, and recent unfavorable government legislation. Possible solutions to these problems include: the rise of paperbacks, dual publication, increasing foreign sales, gaining additional foundation support, and on-demand publishing. Recording or on-demand publishing is a plan for producing books only when needed; the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) system works in this way. It can be accessed by computer and allows users to examine documents on microfiche. (SW)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A