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ERIC Number: ED224064
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Psychological Gender and Sex-Incongruent Behavior on Evaluations of Leadership.
Remland, Martin; And Others
A study investigated the effect of the psychological gender of the perceiver on evaluations of leadership performance of a male and a female manager engaging in either supportive or nonsupportive nonverbal communication with a male subordinate. Subjects were 139 male and 150 female undergraduates who had completed a personal attributes questionnaire several weeks prior to the experiment. Based on their psychological gender classification (sex-typed masculine or feminine, androgynous, and undifferentiated), subjects were randomly assigned to one of six experimental conditions in which a manager (male or female) interacted with a male subordinate about a production-oriented problem followed by a people-oriented problem so that his or her nonverbal communication behavior was either (1) supportive during the discussion of both problems, (2) nonsupportive for the production problem but supportive for the people problem, or (3) nonsupportive for both discussions. Analysis of results indicated that judgments about leadership were not affected by an interaction between the psychological gender of the subject and the sex-incongruent behavior of the managers. These findings conflict with earlier findings of sex-role stereotyping in various organizational contexts, perhaps because of the design of the experiment. These results do, however, provide qualified support for the prediction that supportive behavior is perceived as more considerate than nonsupportive behavior. (JL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A