ERIC Number: ED224008
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: N/A
Access and Maintenance of Phonological Codes in Listening and Reading.
Hudson, Susan B.; And Others
Three experiments used "rhyme priming," a methodology in which lexical decisions to a visually presented word are facilitated when the word is preceded by a rhyming word, to investigate the access and maintenance of speech-based codes in sentence comprehension. In these experiments, the pairs were visually dissimilar rhymes, such as "eight-late." In each experiment, one member of the rhyme pair was embedded in a sentence and the other was presented visually for the subject to decide if it fit in the sentence. Control sentence pairs did not rhyme. In experiments 1 and 2, sentences were presented orally, to 48 and 18 college students, respectively. Results of experiment 1 revealed that rhyme priming obtained when the rhyming parts were separated by four but not by seven intervening words, suggesting that the phonological code for the word was initially accessed and then rapidly destroyed. In experiment 2, where parsing demands required that the prime word be held in working memory, rhyme priming obtained even with seven intervening words. In experiment 3, the same materials used in experiment 1 were presented visually to 28 college students, and no rhyme priming effects obtained. The results of the listening studies were encouraging; however, they did not generalize to reading. (JL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.