ERIC Number: ED223995
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Perspective Shift in Adult Readers: The Effects of the Generic on the Recall of Expository Text. [Instructional Research Laboratory Technical Paper].
Alexander, Patricia A.; Bockmiller, Patricia R.
Thirty undergraduate students were asked to read and recall information presented in one of two parallel expository passages about the professional athlete. These passages differed only in their use of the "he" or "she" generic referent. The passages were parsed into 19 idea units, and 5 target words in each conveying the generic and conceptual perspective of the passage were selected. Each subject's written recall protocol was scored for the presence or absence of the 19 idea units. No significant difference was found in the number of idea units recalled for the "he" and "she" treatment groups. Protocols were also scored for the presence or absence of altered and unaltered target words. Subjects' target word scores demonstrated a significant difference in the number of altered target words for the "she" passage group, demonstrating a shift in the intended passage perspective from generic to sex-specific. (Author/HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Instructional Research Lab.