ERIC Number: ED223943
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Power Tactic Preference in Dating Relationships: Sex Role, Personality Needs, and Satisfaction.
Bradbury, Thomas N.; Solano, Cecilia H.
Little attention has been directed to the use of power in dating realtionships. Recently, however, emphasis has shifted to studying dyadic processes, e.g., social exchange, self-disclosure, and the use of power, in relation to interpersonal relationships. To determine: (1) whether sex or sex role is a better predictor of power tactics in a dating situation, (2) if power use is related to specific personality characteristics, and (3) if direct power tactics are associated with higher levels of satisfaction in relationships, subjects (N=133 undergraduates) completed a questionnaire in which they described a current or recent dating relationship, answered questions about the length of and their level of satisfaction with the relationship, and responded to a list of 26 power strategies. Results indicated that the preference was for non-coercive and negotiation-oriented power tactics, inferring that these tactics might be the most available and successful in a voluntary, intimate relationship. Results confirmed that the type of power tactics used could be predicted from personality characteristics (e.g., persons with low need for dominance preferred acting helpless in order to get their way), and that the variations in preferred power use were better predicted by sex role than by sex (e.g., androgynous and masculine persons preferred the tactic of reasoning more than did feminine persons). Results also strongly support the theory that satisfaction is associated with the use of direct strategies. (PAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).