ERIC Number: ED223938
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
The Relation of Moral Reasoning, Type of Aggression, Aggressor Intentions, and Victim Consequences to Judgments of Aggression.
Schnell, Steven; And Others
In an attempt to understand human aggressive behavior, psychologists have explored and emphasized variables related to the aggressor, the victim, and the situation, e.g., intentions of the aggressor and the consequences for the victim. Observer-related variables, such as level of moral reasoning have not been studied. To examine the relationship between judgments of aggression and moral reasoning it was hypothesized that judgments of aggression by those at lower levels of moral reasoning would be more influenced by consequences, while judgments of those at higher levels of moral reasoning would be more influenced by intentions. College and high school students (N=342) read six vignettes involving aggressive acts including all combinations of consequences (good and bad) and intentions (altruistic, instrumental, and hostile), and rated the degree of appropriateness of the acts on five point scales. Results indicated a significant relationship between level of moral reasoning and judgments of aggression. Those with higher levels of moral reasoning judged acts to be more aggressive and were more influenced by intentions than those at lower levels of reasoning. The findings suggest that the integration of the moral reasoning and judgment of aggression literature would be beneficial to both areas. (PAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (54th, Minneapolis, MN, May 6-8, 1982).