ERIC Number: ED223796
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Unemployment Experience of Individuals over a Decade. Variations by Sex, Race and Age.
Parnes, Herbert S.
Data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience were analyzed to determine the unemployment experiences of four groups of workers from the labor force during a recent decade. The subjects were men who at the end of the decade were 26-34 and 55-69 and women who were 26-34 and 40-54 years of age. Information on unemployment was available for only 8 years and thus understated incidence and amount of unemployment over the decade. Large proportions of individuals with labor force exposure experienced some unemployment. Unemployment varied substantially among the subjects and was very unevenly distributed within each one. Unemployment meant lost earnings and led to long-term reductions in earning capacity. Multivariate analysis revealed that characteristics bearing the strongest and most consistent relationship with the duration of unemployment are educational attainment, occupational and industrial affiliation, interfirm mobility, and length of service in the job held at the beginning of the decade. Many unemployment experiences appeared to result from being in the wrong place at the wrong time or from personality characteristics that generally go unmeasured. (Thirty pages of tables are appended.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Data Analysis, Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Females, Individual Characteristics, Individual Differences, Longitudinal Studies, Males, Middle Aged Adults, Multivariate Analysis, Older Adults, Racial Differences, Sex Differences, Unemployment, Wages, Young Adults
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007 ($5.95; quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.