ERIC Number: ED223762
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Developing Educational Programs for the High-Risk Secondary School and College Student. ERIC/CUE Urban Diversity Series, Number 80.
Blum, Mark E.; Spangehl, Stephen D.
This essay examines characteristics of high risk students, institutional problems related to their presence in schools, and various solutions to these problems that have been implemented at the secondary, junior college, and collegiate levels. Areas discussed in which high risk students may differ from other students include cognitive ability, task motivation and task performance, cultural aspiration and its relationship to educational attainment, locus of control, and self-esteem. The responsibility of schools in directing their programs toward problematic students is considered. Major elements that must be addressed or accounted for in an academic curriculum for high risk students are identified. Among these are: (1) a wide range of cognitive skills, (2) reasoning ability, (3) communication skills, (4) nontraditional instructional methods, (5) competency-oriented disciplinary and interdisciplinary studies, (6) the revival of a "general education" curriculum, (7) self-actualization within the academic experience, (8) integration of the students' social environment into schooling, (9) transitional reentry programs, and (10) retraining programs for dropouts. Finally, a program model for the education of high risk students at the secondary and postsecondary levels is proposed. The model comprises curricular concerns and evaluation practices, school organization and administration, personnel and student concerns, and access to and articulation with the community and other learning institutions. An extensive list of references is provided. (GC)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Dropout Prevention, Educational Needs, High Risk Students, Literature Reviews, Models, Postsecondary Education, Program Development, School Community Relationship, Secondary Education, Self Actualization
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - General; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.; Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. for Urban and Minority Education.