ERIC Number: ED223761
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Effective Schools: Do Elementary Prescriptions Fit Secondary Schools?
Firestone, William A.; Herriott, Robert E.
Most of the recent research identifying organizational characteristics that seem to make schools unusually effective has been conducted at the elementary level and may not be applicable to secondary schools. Research currently underway suggests that the basic organizational structures of elementary and secondary schools dictate two different approaches to improving effectiveness. The secondary level is distinguished from the elementary level by structural looseness, departmentalization, and increased size. These factors undermine agreement on educational goals and block efforts of high school principals and administrators to influence classroom management. Secondary school principals are limited in their influence over programs and exercise symbolic leadership. Furthermore, it must be recognized that schools serve students of a wide range of socioeconomic and intellectual levels, and that high schools, in particular, must prepare these students for the outside world. Therefore, in defining secondary school effectiveness, it is necessary to consider more than the criterion of "basic skills." (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Basic Skills, Comparative Analysis, Educational Objectives, Elementary Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, High Schools, Principals, School Effectiveness, School Size
Research for Better Schools, Inc., Publications Office, 444 North Third Street, Philadelphia, PA 19123 ($1.95 prepaid).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.