ERIC Number: ED223755
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Neither Black nor White: A History of Integration in the Tulsa Public Schools, 1954-1982.
Tulsa Public Schools, OK.
This report describes the history of racial integration in the Tulsa (Oklahoma) Public Schools from 1954 to 1982. The first section examines integration from 1954 to 1969, and discusses such initial steps as boundary changes and school transfers that were made in response to government policy and legislation for integration. The second section discusses the integration of all teaching staffs from 1968 to 1981. The third section examines integration activities from 1970 to 1982, undertaken in accordance with a desegregation plan negotiated between the U.S. Department of Justice and the Tulsa Public Schools. Separate descriptions of integration/desegregation in elementary, junior hiqh, and senior high schools discuss busing and area rezoning, orientation activities, curriculum enrichment to attract students, and intensive recruitment efforts, as well as community responses to the integration efforts. The fourth section describes efforts to smooth the integration process with the use of a consultative center/human relations department in the district, better lines of communication between schools and homes, and adjustment counselors in the schools. A final section reports on the district's progress in reducing racial isolation of black students, indicating a gain in black enrollment in the public schools and a loss in white enrollment between 1968 and 1981. (MJL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Tulsa Public Schools, OK.