ERIC Number: ED223572
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Student Teaching: The Past as a Window to the Future.
Hughes, Robert, Jr.
The history of teacher education and the evolution of student or practice teaching in the United States during the last two centuries can be traced through three periods: (1) Normal School Period (1825-1900); (2) Teacher College Pariod (1900-1948); and (3) Field-Based Period (post World War II). Normal schools emerged as a more formalized system for training teachers than the practice of older students tutoring younger students. The normal school period was dominated by the establishment of student teaching. The transformation of normal schools into teachers' colleges and liberal arts universities involved the increased professionalism of teacher educators and the emergence of public school-teacher training institution cooperation. Professionalization of student teaching, through legislation and the establishment of professional organizations for teacher educators, characterized the teachers' college period. Expansion of the opportunities and conception of student teaching has been the central notion of the most recent field-based era. Regardless of the historical period, the most effective type of student teaching experience has been a matter of great concern. The roles and responsibilities of the university supervisor and the cooperating teacher still remain important matters, as they were in the earliest days of formal teacher education. (JD)
Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Change Agents, College School Cooperation, Educational History, Educational Trends, Field Experience Programs, Higher Education, Laboratory Schools, Preservice Teacher Education, Professional Associations, Schools of Education, Student Teaching, Teacher Certification, Teacher Educators, Teaching Experience
Not available separately; see SP 021 333.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Griffin, Gary A., Ed. and Edwards, Sara, Ed. Student Teaching: Problems and Promising Practices. (Proceedings of a Working Conference.) Texas, Research and Development Center for Teacher Education, Jan 1982. p3-24.