ERIC Number: ED223411
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Research and Development in Industry: 1979. Funds, 1979. Scientists and Engineers, January 1980. Surveys of Science Resources Series. Final Report.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
This report analyzes data on research and development (R&D) performed by industry during 1979, examines historical trends for key R&D funding variables, and presents information on industry-employed R&D scientists and engineers. Areas addressed in the first section on R&D funds include: major R&D industries (aircraft/missiles, electrical equipment, machinery, chemicals, and motor vehicles); company R&D funds and R&D performed by U.S. companies abroad; federal R&D funds, including federally funded R&D centers administered by industry; geographic distribution; R&D funds by size of company; R&D funds related to net sales; character of work (basic research and applied R&D); energy R&D; pollution abatement R&D; and distribution of R&D funds by special categories, focusing on R&D performed to meet government regulations and product- versus processes-applied R&D. Data on full-time equivalent (FTE) R&D scientists/engineers by industry; percent of total R&D expenditures devoted to wages, materials and supplies, and overhead costs for selected industries; and other data are discussed in the second section. Technical notes, statistical tables, and survey instruments are provided in appendices. Data indicate that industrial expenditures for 1979 totaled $38 billion, a 14-percent gain over 1978 and that industry spent $194 million on R&D projects undertaken by colleges and universities. (Author/JN)
Descriptors: College Science, Development, Employment, Employment Statistics, Energy, Engineers, Expenditures, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Higher Education, Industry, Pollution, Research, Research and Development Centers, School Business Relationship, Science Education, Scientists
Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 038-000-00502-2, $4.75).
Publication Type: Reports - General; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.