ERIC Number: ED223352
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Anxiety in Children: Recent Advances in Prevention.
Johnson, Suzanne Bennett
As behavioral approaches for the treatment of clinically significant fears became more accepted, the same techniques began to be applied to normal youngsters' reactions to highly stressful situations in an attempt to prevent the development of excessive fears in children. Although there is widespread acceptance of preventative approaches to help youngsters cope with stressful experiences, a review of the research literature suggests that prevention programs are not effective with all children. In fact, they may make some youngsters worse. The effectiveness of any prevention program depends upon (1) what is done to the child in the form of preparation; (2) what the characteristics are of the child receiving treatment; (3) what the characteristics are of the physician, dentist, etc., who is treating the child; and (4) what is expected of the child during the stressful experience. Topics for further research include age differences in children's coping strategies, interaction between a child and his or her dentist or physician, parents' influence on their children's ability to cope, and the development of preparation programs appropriate for the specific behaviors expected of the target child. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).