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ERIC Number: ED223206
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-May
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Differential Employment of Cognitive Skills as a Function of Increasing Iconic Stimulus Complexity.
Wise, Richard E.
This study investigated the cognitive processes involved in picture interpretation as pictorial realism (i.e., iconic stimulus complexity) increases. Variables influencing cognitive efficiency in picture interpretation were analyzed, particularly field independence and ideational fluency. Field independence is the extent to which a surrounding framework dominates imbedded item perception, and ideational fluency is the divergent production of semantic units, a determinant of the way an observer uses pictorial stimulus cues to direct categorizing. Stimulus materials based on those of Dwyer included an audiotaped script, edited and with additional prompts, and 37 slides. Results suggest that field independence and ideational fluency are important cognitive skills in pictorial stimuli interpretation. (Field independence is primarily an evaluative, analytic, problem-solving skill, rather than a perceptual disembedding skill.) As stimulus complexity increases, different psychological processes are involved in their interpretation, depending somewhat on the learning task. Support for the superiority of the simple line drawing over the realistic photograph treatment was provided by this study, which is consistent with the results of previous research. Twelve references are cited. (LMM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A