ERIC Number: ED223106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Beyond Faith and Face Validity: The Multitrait-Multimethod Matrix and the Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Oral Proficiency Tests.
Stevenson, Douglas K.
Recently there has been a renewed international interest in direct oral proficiency measures such as the oral interview. There has also been a growing awareness among some language testing specialists that all proficiency tests must be subjected to construct validation. It seems that the high face validity of oral interviews tends to cloud and confuse the need to validate these tests. Although the tests are widely used, there is a need for a technically demonstrated validation, whether content, criterion-related, or construct. In this paper these basic concerns are brought together and made explicit. Primary considerations are made explicit regarding the climate of validation that supports or hinders the construct validation of oral proficiency tests, basic definitions, and the logic of validation that demands the construct validation of such tests. One central approach to construct validation, namely convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix, is argued to be the most appropriate for language proficiency tests such as the oral interview. The importance of viewing tests as trait-method units is stressed, with its relevance to language testing theory. It is argued throughout the paper that language aspects and testing theory are interdependent in all language testing. (Author/AMH)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), Interviews, Language Proficiency, Language Research, Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Speech Communication, Test Validity
Not available separately; see FL 013 318.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In its: The Construct Validation of Tests of Communicative Competence.