ERIC Number: ED223089
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Concept Relationships: Helping the Beginning Student Read English.
Martin, Anne V.
Techniques developed to address the reading problems of an adult English as a second language (ESL) class are described. An intensive English course was developed for a group of Arabic-speaking vocational education administrators who had several years of English training. However, they performed poorly on the lowest level of a reading series. Difficulty of sentence structure and vocabulary and overestimation of the students' English proficiency were eliminated as causes of the poor performance, and problems with basic concept relationships were identified. A series of concept relationship activities were devised to help the students develop the association skills essential to reading. The activities involved categorization, analogy, and definition. As the students showed increased facility with gradually more complex activities, their performance level on the reading lab materials improved dramatically from 20 percent to 70 percent correct. It is concluded that the exercises helped students to view information in English as a set of interrelated concepts rather than isolated elements. (RW)
Descriptors: Adults, Classification, Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, English (Second Language), Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction, Reading Processes, Reading Skills, Vocabulary Development
Not available separately; see FL 013 281.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (15th, Detroit, MI, March 3-8, 1981). In: On TESOL '81.