ERIC Number: ED223082
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
ESL Reading Proficiency Assessment: Testing Strategies.
Homburg, Taco Justus; Spaan, Mary C.
Strategies used by English as second language readers to reconstruct an interrupted line of meaning were investigated using a cloze procedure in which selected words were replaced by nonsense words. The test was administered to 39 adults enrolled in intensive intermediate and advanced level English classes. The students were required to identify known words, replace nonsense words with real words or definitions, describe knowledge that contributed to their answers, and summarize the main idea of the passage. The cloze procedure was successful in providing information on the relationship of various word-solving strategies to one another and to understanding the meaning of the passage. Ability to understand the passage was associated with use of a strategy that involved reading onward in the passage to get more information about the word. Ability to correctly define nonsense and real words was related to obtaining higher ratings from reading teachers. Finally, the word-solving skills that aided in understanding the passage were found to be unrelated to English class and proficiency level. The cloze test and references are appended. (RW)
Descriptors: Adults, Cloze Procedure, Context Clues, English (Second Language), Reading Achievement, Reading Comprehension, Reading Processes, Reading Tests
Not available separately; see FL 013 281.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (15th, Detroit, MI, March 3-8, 1981). In: On TESOL '81.