ERIC Number: ED222984
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Approaches to Qualitative Data Analysis: Intuitive, Procedural, and Intersubjective.
Firestone, William A.; Dawson, Judith A.
Three general approaches are available to help discipline the use of qualitative methods in educational research without sacrificing subjective understanding, according to this paper. The most private, least confirmable, yet richest approach is the intuitive, which depends on the researcher's thorough immersion in the field setting and contemplation of the situation. Procedural approaches tend to restrict the effects of individual judgment--in their ideal state they involve the establishment of research procedures that are followed through in their entirety before analysis of the results is attempted. Data display techniques, triangulation, the use of guidelines for induction, and quantitative techniques are among the procedures that can be used when dealing with qualitative data. The third approach, the intersubjective, requires interaction among researchers or between researchers and setting participants for the development of shared understanding and the verification of findings. The characteristics, strengths, and shortcomings of all three approaches are considered in this report, and studies utilizing the different methods are cited as examples. Noting that the three approaches usually appear in some combination, the authors conclude with a brief discussion of the ramifications of some of the combinations possible. (Author/PGD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.