ERIC Number: ED222828
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Crisis Intervention in a Brief Psychotherapy-Problem Solving Framework Has Mutual Benefits for Patients and Clinic.
The demands by applicants for prompt emergency services and by funding sources for greater accountability along with long waiting lists resulted in the formation of a crisis unit offering brief psychotherapy in a problem-solving framework. The services focused on: (1) the presenting problem as it reflected a core conflict or longstanding life problem; (2) a contractual treatment plan for the presenting problem with specified behavioral goals; and (3) the development of general problem-solving skills that the patient could apply to other life problems. The effectiveness of the crisis unit was evaluated by comparison to an alternative service, the intake group. The Rotter I-E Scale was administered to patients prior to and after treatment to monitor changes in internal locus of control. Statistical analysis indicated significant differences in pre- and post-test scores for the crisis unit patients (N=22) and not for the group intake patients (N=16) as well as significantly higher change scores between the two treatment groups in the pre-tests and post-tests in favor of the crisis unit patients. The findings underscore the efficacy of prompt, focused, and time-limited intervention and its advantage over a more global, supportive group intervention. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (52nd, New York, NY, April 22-25, 1981).