ERIC Number: ED222780
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Dimensions of Occupational Stress: Implications for Vocational Education.
Hopps, Zona Joyce
Since vocational education normally deals with potential workers, it needs to include courses whose content focuses on developing effective coping strategies to deal with occupational stressors that affect job satisfaction. Occupational stress is defined as a dynamic reciprocal relationship between an individual and the work environment. Antecedents, or moderators, of strain that leads to job dissatisfaction are role ambiguity, role conflict, quantitative and qualitative overload, boundary spanning, role responsibility, and personality traits. As the definition of stress implies, stress is caused by a degree of imbalance between a person's needs and skills and the organization's requirements and demands. A model that proposes the congruence of persons and environments in organizations seems appropriate to reduce strain and increase job satisfaction. Determinants of job satisfaction include mentally challenging work, autonomy, variety, task identity, recognition, higher-order need strengths, need for independence, educational levels, participation, and role perceptions. Vocational education needs to provide students with those skills necessary to detect potentially stressful situations and cope with anticipated job stressors and thus improve workers' total effectiveness. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.