ERIC Number: ED222625
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Interventions to Eliminate Racism through Legislation and Administrative Procedures.
Good, Paul R.
Efforts by the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Federal Government to eliminate racial discrimination through policies that guarantee civil rights, increase minority opportunity, and reduce social class inequality have only been partially successful. Infrequent coordination among the three branches and lack of total commitment to enforcement of antidiscrimination law and policy have delayed the achievement of full social equality. In the employment sector, where numerous executive orders, laws, and judicial decisions to encourage fair employment practices have been imposed, minorities continue to hold disproportionately large numbers of low-status jobs and to exhibit higher unemployment rates than nonminorities. A 1976 General Accounting Office (GAO) assessment of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission suggests that the Commission has had only minimal impact in improving minority employment status. While the GAO assessment fails to consider some important factors, the study can be used as a structural model for evaluating the effectiveness of other Federal interventions to eliminate racism. Another study suggests that criteria for evaluating such Federal interventions may include organizational efficiency, extent of research-based information used, enforcement strategies, support of or resistance to policy, and comprehensiveness of policy. (Author/MJL)
Descriptors: Civil Rights Legislation, Court Litigation, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Minority Groups, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Public Policy, Racial Discrimination
Not available separately; see UD 022 565.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper originally given at the Annual Community-Clinical Workshop (6th, Lanham, MD, November 4-6, 1976).