ERIC Number: ED222587
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Community-Based Research and Approaches to Social Change: The Case of the Hispanic Health Council.
Schensul, Jean J.; And Others
Generator, v12 n2 p13-36 Win 1981
This article reviews six programs that have applied anthropological concepts, methods, and research to implementing change in American schools, school districts, and communities. The programs are: (1) the West Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Free School, an experimental alternative education program that emphasizes freedom, individualized instruction, and community participation in learning; (2) the Appleton School Project (Chicago, Illinois), which used a systems approach to school change; (3) the Latino Mother-Infant Project (Chicago, Illinois), which incorporated anthropological research findings into a prenatal education program for Mexican Americans; (4) the Puerto Rican Research and Training Project (Hartford, Connecticut), designed to develop ethnographic researchers in the Hispanic community and collect information on education related problems; (5) the Comprehensive School Based Health projects (Hartford, Connecticut), which utilized school-community collaboration to train students for health careers and generate health data; and (6) the Houston (Texas) Independent School District's evaluation and program monitoring activites directed by an educational anthropologist. Characteristics common to the programs include: use of a systems approach for educational change; emphasis on program implementors' ability to scan and evaluate the environment in solving problems; use of research, especially collaborative research; community involvement; consideration of learning theory; and long-term commitment of anthropologists. (Author/MJL)
Descriptors: Community Programs, Cooperative Programs, Educational Anthropology, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnography, Health Programs, Hispanic Americans, Nontraditional Education, Program Descriptions, Research Projects, School Community Relationship, Systems Approach
Frank Besag, School of Education, University of Wisconsin, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201 (write for price).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Not available in paper copy due to institution's restrictions.