ERIC Number: ED222397
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Technical Approach and the Praxis Orientation to Curriculum Development.
Lemish, Peter S.
Two approaches to curriculum development, the technical approach and the praxis orientation, are discussed. Curriculum specialists, textbook writers, and policy makers develop the formal curriculum as a plan which teachers implement. The most appropriate approach, according to the traditional literature, is the technical approach, the goal of which is to teach more content more efficiently with the greatest possible amount of student achievement. However, to understand the nature of the curriculum, we must look at what is implemented and experienced, not only to what is supposed to be implemented. In this view, it is the teacher who has the central role in curriculum development. As such, the praxis orientation, which emphasizes the importance of reflection and problem-oriented approaches to the educating process, becomes a more appropriate perspective for teachers than is the technical approach. Examples of how the praxis orientation may be extended to various forms of curriculum development are provided. Also included are two case studies showing how the technical approach and a praxis orientation were used in the design and development of an introductory college-level education program. (RM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March, 1982).