ERIC Number: ED222271
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Temperament: A Review of Research with Implications for Child Psychology in the School and Clinic.
Martin, Roy P.
Briefly considering the literature, this paper reviews research in the area of temperament and points out the implications of findings for school psychologists. Following a brief discussion of several definitions of temperament, two issues given the most consideration in the theoretical literature are outlined: the genetic origins of temperament and the stability of temperament over time. A brief summary of empirical evidence bearing on both issues is presented. Next, research is reviewed which is devoted to the development of measurement devices for assessment of temperamental characteristics in infants, toddlers, preschool and elementary children, middle-school children, and adults. Finally, a selected review of current research examining the effects of temperamental differences on such areas as the development of psychopathology, school adjustment, intelligence, and academic achievement are summarized and discussed. (MP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).