ERIC Number: ED222159
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Improving Instruction: Issues and Alternatives for Higher Education. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 4, 1982.
Cole, Charles C., Jr.
The literature relating to instructional improvement since 1978 is examined. After a review of implications of recent learning theories, it is concluded that theorists agree generally that: learning is enhanced when the student is active rather than passive; learning is improved by practice and feedback; learning is improved when directed toward some goal; learning has both an affective and a cognitive aspect; and the quantitative and qualitative differences in the learning process are great. Attention is also directed to the following issues related to improving instruction: models of teaching, characteristics of good teaching, teaching awards, faculty development programs, programs for teaching assistants, cooperation among institutions, interest of professional associations, faculty growth contracts, evaluation of faculty by others, and the relationship between teaching and research. Another important concern is that the prospects for improved instruction are linked to faculty attitudes toward teaching, students, the institution, and change. Studies pertaining to methods of instruction are also reviewed. Methods emphasizing content include the lecture, the lesson method, audiovisual instruction, computer instruction, audio-tutorial instruction, the personalized system of instruction, and mastery learning. Methods focusing on students include tutorial instruction, independent study, learning contracts, experiential learning, and student-generated courses, while methods characterized by interaction include discussion, seminar, case study, role playing, games and simulations, and encounter groups. Research on improving instruction is also reviewed, and a bibliography is appended. (SW)
Descriptors: College Instruction, Educational Quality, Educational Research, Faculty Development, Higher Education, Incentives, Instructional Improvement, Interaction, Learning Theories, Models, Student Role, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods
Publications Dept., American Association for Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036 ($5.00 members; $6.50 nonmembers).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.; American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.
Note: For a related document see ED 153 583.