ERIC Number: ED222073
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Child-Adult Differences in Second Language Acquisition. Series on Issues in Second Language Research.
Krashen, Stephen D., Ed.; And Others
Studies of age differences in second language learning ability are collected along with commentary on the results. The 12 papers describe long and short term studies of children and adults that focus on the optimal age for second language acquisition, the effect of different teaching methods and environments on age differences, and theories that may account for these differences. Age differences are investigated in relation to such variables as the acquisition of phonological systems, speech comprehension, syntax, accurate pronunciation, and language production ability in a second language. Such factors as a critical or sensitive period for second language acquisition, the total physical response teaching strategy, length of residence among migrant children, and formal settings are also explored. Three additional papers state generalizations based on the empirical research and suggest explanations for the observed age differences. The cumulative results suggest that older learners progress faster through the early stages of second language learning, but that those who receive natural exposure to the second language during childhood ultimately achieve higher levels of proficiency. (RW)
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Children, Language Proficiency, Language Research, Language Skills, Linguistic Theory, Listening Comprehension, Phonology, Pronunciation, Second Language Learning, Syntax, Teaching Methods
Newbury House Publishers, Inc., Rowley, MA 01969 ($17.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A