ERIC Number: ED222035
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Parent Helper: Handicapped Children, Birth to Five.
Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Office of Special Education.
Intended for parents of preschool handicapped children, the guide provides information on how children learn and suggests activities within the daily routine that can be used as learning opportunities for the child. Following an introduction are milestone charts for the areas of cognition, communication, gross motor, fine motor, self help, and social skills. Charts are divided into the following age ranges: 0 to 3 months, 3 to 6 months, 6 to 9 months, 9 to 12 months, 12 to 18 months, 18 to 24 months, 24 to 36 months, 36 to 48 months, 48 to 60 months, and 60 plus months. It is pointed out that the child learns by using his/her senses, by experimenting, by imitating, by exploring, and by playing. Suggestions for helping the child learn include going from the known to the unknown, keepng tasks simple to match short attention spans, and being aware of the child's limitations. Ideas and activities are suggested for creating a positive home learning environment. Among the activities described are the following: provide the infant with stimuli to motivate movement of eyes, head, body, arms, and legs; use everyday situations as learning experiences; let the child explore the many movements of his/her hands; and praise, smile, and encourage repetition when the child makes a new sound. The guide concludes with activities which illustrate how everyday occasions can be used as learning experiences. (SW)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Office of Special Education.