ERIC Number: ED222021
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Social Justice through Handicapped Power: Perspectives from England and Sweden.
Carnes, G. D.
The author visited selected countries in Europe to examine the process of disabled minority group evolution and to identify practical knowledge useful in stimulating smilar development in the United States. Previous research revealed that many countries in Europe appeared to be far ahead of the United States in the development of organizations of the disabled. Forty-four leaders of handicapped organizations in the United Kingdom and Sweden were identified and interviewed. Interview notes were made during discussions and, while each interview was open ended, care was taken to cover several points, including history of the organization, the individual's role in it, goals, problems, tactics utilized, assessment of success, factors contributing to success, degree of formal and informal representation in government agencies and societal institutions that impact the lives of disabled persons, leadership and its development, philosophy of disablement, and advice for the United States. Among the 17 conclusions reached were the following: (1) organizations involving disabled persons tend to evolve, beginning with control by able-bodied individuals in voluntary groups for the disabled and concluding in groups of the disabled under their own control; (2) early aspirations of disabled groups tend to focus on urgent practical problems such as mobility, access, housing, income, and employment but later move into cultural and societal participative goals; (3) the degree of success in evolution of disabled groups depends upon availability of resources to supply group maintenance needs and employ salaried staff; and (4) several problems typically manifest themselves including the need for strong, realistic leadership; overcoming apathy; avoiding personality conflicts and explorations; avoiding self defeating, short term goals; and using power gained in a mature, responsible nature. Appended is information on members of the Central Committee of National Associations of the Handicapped. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: World Rehabilitation Fund, Inc., New York, NY.; National Inst. of Handicapped Research (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Univ. Center for International Rehabilitation.
Identifiers - Location: Sweden; United Kingdom