ERIC Number: ED221906
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Self-Disclosure and Sex on Perceptions of Interpersonal Communication Competence.
Brunner, Claire C.; Jones, Tricia S.
A study examined the effects of level of self-disclosure, sex of discloser, and sex of observer on perceptions of interpersonal communication competence. Subjects were 165 undergraduate college students who listened to audiotapes of three different versions of a fictitious conversation between two people given the androgynous names of Pat and Chris. In each tape, Pat was the discloser and Chris the target. Three of the tapes were made by female confederates and three by males. In the first version of the tape, the discloser answered the target's questions in a straight forward manner using a low level of self-disclosure; in the second, the discloser answered at a medium level of self-disclosure, revealing personal information to the target. After hearing the tapes, the subjects were given two copies of a communication competence instrument and were asked to rate their perceptions of the communication behavior of the discloser and of the target. Results indicated that observers' perceptions of interpersonal communication competence were significantly affected by the discloser's sex and level of self-disclosure, with female disclosers perceived as more competent and more supportive than male disclosers. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A