ERIC Number: ED221772
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Why Women Want to Work: A Look at Career Persistence.
Mandelbaum, Dorothy Rosenthal
The notions of both work and persistence carry implicit assumptions that some obstacles have to be overcome through effort. Given the hurdles that women physicians must overcome in training, most research has assumed that work plays an important role in their lives. A sample of 71 women physicians from an earlier study was surveyed to learn why some women invested more heavily in their careers than others. Results showed that adversity, either status or emotional, proved to be a compelling reason for career persistence. The earlier women imagined being physicians, the more likely they were to persist in their careers. Persisters developed stronger masculine personality components and more distant or equivalent relationships with their parents. Women who were less close to their fathers did not develop as strong feminine personality components and were less likely to commit themselves to traditional role relationships. The findings indicate that nearly all the subjects freely pattern their lives in harmony with their inner beings. (JAC)
Descriptors: Cohort Analysis, Employed Women, Feminism, Followup Studies, Occupational Aspiration, Persistence, Physicians, Psychological Patterns, Role Conflict, Sex Role, State of the Art Reviews, Work Attitudes, Work Life Expectancy
Praeger Publishers, 521 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10175 ($27.50 - Book; Paper not available separately.)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: American Association of Univ. Women, Washington, DC.; Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association for Women Deans, Administrators, and Counselors (66th, Indianapolis, IN, March 31-April 3, 1982). This paper is excerpted from "Work, Marriage, and Motherhood: The Career Persistence of Female Physicians," Praeger Publishers.