ERIC Number: ED221632
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Patterns of Classroom Interaction with Pacific Islands Children: The Importance of Cultural Differences. Professional Paper.
Jordan, Cathie; And Others
This literature review of patterns of interpersonal communication in children of the Pacific Islands is based on the assumption that the communicative conventions in these children's homes are very different from those that they encounter in their Euro-American classrooms. Reviewed are studies of communicative interaction in children's peer relationships and with adults, and in teaching/learning situations which indicate how cultural patterns may conflict with some common classroom practices. It is suggested that while Pacific Islanders' teaching/learning patterns involve observation and imitation and teach operations that are related to the final goal, classroom instruction often involves teacher-centered verbal directions and presents tasks outside the context of overall performance goals. It is maintained that differences between Pacific Islanders' cultural norms and norms commonly represented in schools reduce the benefits that children may get from schooling. On the other hand, ways of avoiding classroom practices which engender cultural conflict and of selecting appropriate practices which are consistent with home-learned conventions are presented. The experience of the Kamehameha Educational Research Institute is described to demonstrate a program which has capitalized on Polynesian-Hawaiian children's existing skills to improve academic performance. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Bilingual Research, Los Alamitos, CA.