ERIC Number: ED221536
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Programs of School Improvement: An Overview.
Edmonds, Ronald R.
Major local-, state-, and university-designed programs with the objective of fostering instructional effectiveness at the elementary school level are described in this paper. Instructional effectiveness is defined as a prerequisite to academic achievement in that it occurs when all students obtain at least minimum academic mastery as measured by standard achievement tests. The influence of family background and the role of school characteristics on learning achievement are discussed, followed by a review of selected programs for school improvement: (1) New York City's School Improvement Project (SIP), a comprehensive attempt to improve the school system's approach to teaching and learning; (2) a program, designed by Maureen Larkin for 20 schools in Milwaukee, to improve teacher attitudes and classroom climate; (3) a plan, by the Danforth Foundation and St. Louis (Missouri) school districts, for inner-city school improvement; (4) Yale University's association with the New Haven School District; and (5) elements of Chicago's school desegregation plan that focused on school effectiveness. Programs administered by state departments of education and by universities are outlined. Recommendations for program planning and evaluation are made. (FG)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Educational Environment, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Inservice Teacher Education, Institutional Characteristics, Instructional Improvement, Minimum Competencies, Program Design, School Effectiveness, State School District Relationship, Teacher Effectiveness, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC. Teaching and Learning Program.
Note: Paper presented at the National Invitational Conference, "Research on Teaching: Implications for Practice" (Warrenton, VA, February 25-27, 1982). For related documents, see SP 021 097-107 and ED 218 257.