ERIC Number: ED221375
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Young Children: A New Target for Public Fire Education.
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
Two fire education programs for young children are described. The basic principles of both programs are the same: keep it short, make it fun, and get the children involved. The first program addresses what to do if clothes catch fire, teaching about matches, and exiting during a fire (crawling under smoke, raising windows, and unlocking doors). Instructional strategies and activities are outlined for three age groups in the second program: infants/toddlers, children 3-5 years old, and children 6-8 years old. Since infants/toddlers cannot care for themselves, concepts suggested to be taught to their caretakers include the dependence of infants/toddlers upon adults, the need for constant adult supervision, and the need to remove hazards to make childrens' environment safe. Activities for 3-5 year olds are suggested to foster the dual nature of fire (friendly but dangerous); stop/drop/roll technique to smother clothing fires; danger of matches; image of firefighter; and simple fire escape procedures. In addition to reinforcing the previous concepts, it is suggested that 6-8 year olds be taught basic components of fire, role and operation of the fire department, home/community hazards (such as flammable liquids, lighters, and matches), and how to correctly report a fire. (Author/JN)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.